A Graphite-based wonder.
In its crystalline form, graphite consists of parallel layers called graphenes. Graphenes are incredibly flat 2D crystals which are made up of just one layer of carbon atoms. For a long time, researchers did not believe that such mono-atomic layers existed until the physicist Geim and Novoselov made a sensational discovery in 2004 while analysing graphite: graphene. They received the Nobel Prize for this global research breakthrough in 2010.
GRAPHENe - the world's thinest material.
Graphene atoms are grouped in hexagonal rings reminiscent of honeycomb to form a stable mechanical network. When viewed from a distance, the carbon hexagons form a slightly wavy surface. Due to its stability and high elasticity, graphene combines the hardness of a diamond with the bendiness of an ultra-thin film in one material. Due to its electrical hyper-conductivity, graphene has the potential to revolutionise microelectronics and computer technology. Graphit Kropfmühl has been producing graphene by the kilo for years.